美國公民入籍試題

What is the supreme law of the land?
何為美國最高法律?
The Constitution
憲法

What does the Constitution do?
憲法的作用是什麼?
It sets up the government
建立政府體系

Defines the government
設立政府規範

Protects basic rights of Americans
保障人民各項基本權利

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
憲法的前三個字說明人民自治的概念,這三字是什麼?
We the People
我們人民

What is an amendment?
什麼叫修正案?
A change (to the Constitution)
(憲法的)修正條款

An addition (to the Constitution)
(憲法的)增補條款

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
現行憲法的前10項修正案被稱作什麼?
The Bill of Rights
人權法案

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
舉出憲法第一修正案中的任何一項自由或權利?
Speech
言論自由

Religion
宗教自由

Assembly
集會結社自由

Press
出版自由

Petition the government
人民有向政府請願自由

How many amendments does the Constitution have?
目前憲法有多少修正案?
Twenty-seven (27)
27項修正案

What did the Declaration of Independence do?
(獨立宣言)的作用為何?
Declared our independence (from Great Britain)
宣布美國脫離英國獨立

Announced our independence (from Great Britain)
宣告美國脫離英國獨立

Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
說明美國脫離英國而獨立

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
說出(獨立宣言)中的兩項權利?
Life
生命權利

Liberty
自由權利

Pursuit of happiness
追求幸福的權利

What is freedom of religion?
什麼是宗教自由?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以什麼宗教都不信

What is the economic system in the United States?*
美國是什麼樣的經濟制度?
Capitalist economy
資本主義經濟

Market economy
市場經濟

What is the “rule of law”?
法治是什麼意思?
Everyone must follow the law.
每個人都得遵守法律

Leaders must obey the law.
領袖也必須遵守法律

Government must obey the law.
政府也得遵守法律

No one is above the law.
沒有任何人能超越法律

Name one branch or part of the government.*
說出政府三大體制中的任何一部分?
Congress, Legislative, President, Executive, The Courts, Judicial
國會、立法、總統、行政、法院、司法

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
有何方式可防止政府變得權力太大?
Checks and balances
制衡

Separation of powers
權力分立

Who is in charge of the executive branch?
行政部門由誰負責?
The President
總統

Who makes federal laws?
誰負責制定聯邦法律?
Congress, Senate and House (of Representatives), (U.S. or national) legislature
國會、參院及眾院、(美國或國家)立法機構

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*
美國國會由那兩部分組成?
The Senate and House (of Representatives)
參院及眾院

How many U.S. Senators are there?
聯邦參院有多少位參議員?
One hundred (100)
100位

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
我們多久選一次聯邦參議員
Six (6)
每六年

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?*
說出你的州的兩位聯邦參議員中的任何一個名字?
Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]
各州不同(住在華府哥倫比亞特區或美國屬地的居民應試者當地沒有聯邦參議員)

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
眾院能有投票權的眾議員有多少位?
Four hundred thirty-five (435)
435位

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
我們多久選一次聯邦國會眾議員?
Two (2)
每兩年

Name your U.S. Representative.
說出你選區所在的眾議員的名字?
Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]
各人答案會不同(住在當地國會代表沒有投票權的美國屬地的應試者,可以說明當地代表或是議員的姓名,或是可以說明自己選區沒有眾議員)

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
聯邦參議員代表何人?
All people of the state
參議員代表所在州的所有民眾

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
為何有些州國會眾議員的人數比其他州多?
(because of) the state’s population
由那個州的人口多少而決定

(because) they have more people
因為那個州有更多的人口

(because) some states have more people
因為有那州的人口比其他州的多

We elect a President for how many years?
我們每幾年選一次總統?
Four (4)
每四年一次

In what month do we vote for President?*
我們在那一個月選總統?
November
11月

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*
目前美國總統的名字是什麼?
Trump
川普

Donald John Trump
唐納 J. 川普

Donald Trump
唐納 川普

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
現任副總統是誰?
Mike Richard Pence
麥克 R. 彭斯

Pence
彭斯

Mike Pence
麥克 彭斯

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
如果總統不能視事,誰會變成總統?
The Vice President
副總統

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
如果總統、副總統都不能視事,由誰來作總統?
The Speaker of the House
眾院議長

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
誰是三軍統帥?
The President
總統

Who signs bills to become laws?
國會通過的法案由誰簽署生效變成法律?
The President
總統

Who vetoes bills?
誰能否決國會通過的法案?
The President
總統

What does the President’s Cabinet do?
總統的內閣做什麼事?
Advises the President
他們對總統提出建議

What are two Cabinet-level positions?
任舉兩個內閣的部長職位?
Secretary of Agriculture
農業部長

Secretary of Commerce
商務部長

Secretary of Defense
國防部長

Secretary of Education
教育部長

Secretary of Energy
能源部長

Secretary of Health and Human Services
衛生與福利部長

Secretary of Homeland Security
國內安全部長

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
住宅與都市發展部長

Secretary of Interior
內政部長

Attorney General
司法部長

Secretary of States
國務卿

Secretary of Transportation
運輸部長

Secretary of Treasury
財政部長

Secretary of Veterans' Affairs
退伍軍人事務部長

Secretary of Labor
勞工部長

Vice President
副總統

What does the judicial branch do?
司法部門做什麼事?
Reviews laws
檢討現有法律

Explains laws
解釋法律

Resolves disputes (disagreements)
解決爭議

Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
決定某一法律是否牴觸憲法

What is the highest court in the United States?
美國最高的法院是什麼?
The Supreme Court
聯邦最高法院

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
聯邦最高法院有幾位大法官?
Nine (9)
九位

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
誰是目前的聯邦首席大法官?
John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
約翰.羅伯茲

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
根據憲法,有些權力屬於聯邦政府,舉出一項聯邦政府的權力?
To print money
印鈔票

To declare war
宣戰

To create an army
建立軍隊

To make treaties
簽訂條約

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
根據憲法,有些權力屬於州政府,舉出一項州政府權力的例子?
Provide schooling and education
提供教育

Provide protection (police)
提供治安保護 (警察)

Provide safety (fire departments)
提供安全(消防局)

Give a driver’s license
提供駕照

Approve zoning and land use
審批區劃和土地使用

Who is the Governor of your state?
你居住州的州長是誰?
Answers will vary. [Residents of the District of Columbia and U.S. territories without a Governor should say “we don’t have a Governor.”]
答案會有不同.(哥倫比亞特區和美國屬地的居民,應回答他們沒有州長)

What is the capital of your state?*
你居住州的首府在那裡?
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]
答案會有不同.(哥倫比亞特區居民,應回答哥倫比亞特區不是一個州, 因此沒有首府).

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*
美國當今兩大黨為何?
Democratic and Republican
民主黨及共和黨

What is the political party of the President now?
現任總統屬於那個政黨?
Republican Party
共和黨

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
現任國會眾院議長是誰?
Paul Ryan
保羅 萊恩

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
憲法裡面有四條關於那些人擁有投票權的修正案,試舉一項?
Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
公民十八歲以上都可以投票

You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
不必繳錢就可以投票(不必繳投票稅就可以投票)

Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
任何公民都可以投票,(男性或女性都可以投票)

A male citizen of any race (can vote).
任何種族的男性公民都可以投票

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*
舉出一項只有美國公民才有責任?
Serve on a jury
當陪審員

Vote
投票

What are two rights only for United States citizens?
舉出兩項只有美國公民才擁有的權利?
Vote
投票權

Run for office
競選公職的權利

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
舉出兩項每一個住在美國的人都擁有的權利?
Freedom of expression
表達自由

Freedom of speech
言論自由

Freedom of assembly
集會自由

Freedom to petition the government
向政府請願的自由

Freedom of worship
宗教信仰自由

The right to bear arms
擁有武器的權利

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
我們宣誓效忠時是像什麼表達忠誠?
The United States
美利堅合眾國

The flag
國旗

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
舉出一項在入籍成為公民時提出的承諾?
Give up loyalty to other countries
放棄效忠其他國家

Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
護衛美國的憲法和法律

Obey the laws of the United States
遵守美國的法律

Serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
在必要時加入美國軍隊

Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
在必要時為國效勞(在必要時為美國執行重要工作)

Be loyal to the United States
效忠美國

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
美國公民幾歲以上可以投票選舉總統?
Eighteen (18) and older
滿18歲

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
舉出兩種美國人參與民主政治的方法?
Vote
投票

Join a political party
加入政黨

Help with a campaign
協助競選活動

Join a civic group
加入公民團體

Join a community group
加入社區團體

Give an elected official your opinion on an issue
向民選官員提供自己對某個議題的意見

Call Senators and Representatives
與自己的參議員和眾議員連絡

Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
公開支持或反對某個議題或政策

Run for office
競選公職

Write to a newspaper
寫信給報紙

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*
寄送聯邦所得稅表的截止日期是哪一天?
15-Apr
每年的4月15日

When must all men register for the Selective Service?
所有男性到了那個年齡必須登記當選擇性徵兵?
At age eighteen (18)
18歲

Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
18歲至26歲之間

What is one reason colonists came to America?
舉出一個殖民者當初到美國的理由?
Freedom
自由

Political liberty
政治自由

Religious freedom
宗教自由

Economic opportunity
經濟機會

Practice their religion
從事宗教活動

Escape persecution
逃避迫害

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
在歐洲人來到美洲之前, 誰已經住在這裡?
Native Americans
美洲原住民

American Indians
美洲印地安人

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
哪一群人被帶到美國當奴隸賣?
Africans
非洲人

People from Africa
來自非洲的人

Why did the colonists fight the British?
殖民者為什麼要與英國作戰?
Because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
他們必須繳付高額稅捐, 卻沒有任何代表權(光繳稅、沒有代表權)

Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
英國軍隊住在他們的房子裡(強行食宿,霸佔空間)

The British denied the colonists' self-government
英國拒絕讓殖民者擁有自治權

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
獨立宣言是誰寫的?
Thomas Jefferson
湯瑪士.傑佛遜

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
獨立宣言是在何時通過的?
July 4, 1776
1776年7月4日

There were 13 original states. Name three.
美國當初只有13個州,試舉其中三個?
New Hampshire
新罕布夏

Massachusetts
麻薩諸塞

Rhode Island
羅德島

Connecticut
康乃狄克

New York
紐約

New Jersey
新澤西

Pennsylvania
賓夕法尼亞

Delaware
德拉瓦

Maryland
馬里蘭

North Carolina
北卡羅來納

South Carolina
南卡羅來納

Virginia
維吉尼亞

Georgia
喬治亞

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
制憲會議達成什麼事?
The Constitution was written.
擬定憲法

The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
開國先賢擬定憲法

When was the Constitution written?
憲法是在何時撰寫的?
1787
1787年

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
(聯邦論)支持通過美國憲法,舉出一個(聯邦論)作者?
James Madison
詹姆斯.麥迪森

Alexander Hamilton
亞歷山大.漢彌爾頓

John Jay
約翰.傑伊

Publius
普布利烏斯

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
班哲明.富蘭克林以合著稱?
U.S. diplomat
美國外交官

Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
制憲會議年紀最長的成員

First Postmaster General of the United States
美國第一任郵政總局長

Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
著作(窮人理查年鑑)

Started the first free libraries
開辦第一個免費圖書館

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?
(美國國父)是誰?
George Washington
喬治.華盛頓

Who was the first President?*
美國第一任總統是誰?
George Washington
喬治.華盛頓

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
1803年美國向法國購買哪片土地?
The Louisiana Territory
路易斯安納地區

Louisiana
路易斯安納

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
舉出一場美國在一八零零年代參與的戰爭?
War of 1812
1812年戰爭

Mexican-American War
美國與墨西哥戰爭

Civil War
南北戰爭

Spanish-American War
美國與西班牙戰爭

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
美國北方與南方之間的戰爭稱為什麼?
The Civil War
南北戰爭

The War between the States
美國內戰

Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
舉出一個引發美國內戰的問題?
Slavery
奴隸制度

Economic reasons
經濟因素

States’ rights
各州權利

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
舉出一件亞伯拉罕.林肯的事蹟?
Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
解放黑奴

Saved (or preserved) the Union
保全(或維護)聯邦

Led the United States during the Civil War
在南北戰爭期統領美國

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
解放宣言的用意何在? 
Freed the slaves
解放奴隸

Freed slaves in the Confederacy
解放南方邦聯的奴隸

Freed slaves in the Confederate states
解放南方邦聯各州的奴隸

Freed slaves in most Southern states
解放南方大部分州的奴隸

What did Susan B. Anthony do?
蘇珊.安東尼有何事蹟?
Fought for women’s rights
為女權奮戰

Fought for civil rights
為民權奮戰

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*
舉出一場美國在一九九零年代參與的戰爭?
World War I
第一次世界大戰

World War II
第二次世界大戰

Korean War
韓戰

Vietnam War
越戰

Persian Gulf War
海灣(波斯灣)戰爭

Who was President during World War I?
第一次世界大戰時美國總統是誰?
Woodrow Wilson
烏德洛.威爾遜

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
美國經濟大蕭條和二次世界大戰時的總統是誰?
Franklin Roosevelt
富爾克林.羅斯福

Who did the United States fight in World War II?
美國在第二次世界大戰時是與誰作戰?
Japan, Germany, and Italy
日本、德國和義大利

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
艾森豪當總統之前是個將領,他曾參加哪個戰爭?
World War II
第二次世界大戰

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
美國在冷戰期間最擔心的是什麼?
Communism
共產主義

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
試圖結束種族歧視的是哪個運動?
civil rights (movement)
民權運動

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
馬丁.路德.金恩有何事蹟?
Fought for civil rights
為民權奮戰

Worked for equality for all Americans
為所有美國人爭取平等

What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?
2001年9月11日美國發生什麼大事?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
恐怖份子攻擊美國

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
舉出美國的一個印地安人部族?
[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.]
(主考官將擁有完整清單)

Cherokee
卻洛基

Navajo
納瓦荷

Sioux

Chippewa
齊普瓦

Pueblo
布耶布洛

Apache
阿帕契

Iroquois
伊洛奎斯

Blackfeet
布雷克費特

Creek
庫瑞克

Seminole
塞米諾利斯

Cheyenne
斜陽

Arawak
阿拉瓦克

Shawnee
蕭尼

Choctaw
喬克陶

Mohegan
莫希根

Huron
忽隆

Oneida
歐尼達

Lakota
拉科塔

Crow
克洛

Teton
泰頓

Innit
伊努特

Hopi
賀皮

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
試舉美國最長的兩條河流中任何一條?
Missouri River
密蘇里河

Mississippi River
密西西比河

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
美國西濱瀕臨哪個海洋?
Pacific Ocean
太平洋

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
美國東岸瀕臨哪個海洋?
Atlantic Ocean
大西洋

Name one U.S. territory.
試舉美國一個領地?
Puerto Rico
波多黎各

U.S. Virgin Islands
美屬維京群島

American Samoa
美屬薩摩亞

Northern Mariana Islands
北馬里亞納群島

Guam
關島

Name one state that borders Canada.
試舉美國與加拿大接鄰的一個州?
Maine
緬因州

New Hampshire
新罕布夏州

Vermont
佛蒙特州州

New York
紐約州

Pennsylvania
賓州

Ohio
俄亥俄州

Michigan
密西根州

Minnesota
明尼蘇達州

North Dakota
北達科他州

Montana
蒙大拿州

Idaho
愛達荷州

Washington
華盛頓州

Alaska
阿拉斯加州

Name one state that borders Mexico.
試舉美國與墨西哥接鄰的一個州?
California
加州

Arizona
亞利桑那州

New Mexico
新墨西哥州

Texas
德州

What is the capital of the United States?*
美國首都在哪裡?
Washington, D.C.
華盛頓特區

Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
自由女神像在哪裡?
New York (Harbor)
紐約(港)

Liberty Island
自由島

[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
(答新澤西洲、紐約市附近、哈德遜河上也可以接受)

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
美國國旗為什麼有13條條紋?
because there were 13 original colonies
因為當初有13個殖民地

because the stripes represent the original colonies
因為這些條文代表當初的殖民地

Why does the flag have 50 stars?*
為什麼國旗上有50顆星星?
Because there is one star for each state
因為每一顆星代表每個州

Because each star represents a state
因為每一顆星代表一個州

Because there are 50 states
因為美國共有50州

What is the name of the national anthem?
美國國歌的名稱?
The Star-Spangled Banner
星條旗之歌

When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
我們在哪一天慶祝國慶?
4-Jul
7月4日

Name two national U.S. holidays.
試舉美國兩個國定假日?
New Year’s Day
新年

Martin Luther King, Jr., Day
馬丁.路德.金恩日

Presidents’ Day
總統日

Memorial Day
國殤日

Independence Day
國慶日

Labor Day
勞工節

Columbus Day
哥倫布節

Veterans Day
退伍軍人節

Thanksgiving
感恩節

Christmas
聖誕節

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