美国公民入籍试题

What is the supreme law of the land?
何为美国最高法律?
The Constitution
宪法

What does the Constitution do?
宪法的作用是什麽?
It sets up the government
建立政府体系

Defines the government
设立政府规范

Protects basic rights of Americans
保障人民各项基本权利

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
宪法的前三个字说明人民自治的概念,这三字是什麽?
We the People
我们人民

What is an amendment?
什麽叫修正案?
A change (to the Constitution)
(宪法的)修正条款

An addition (to the Constitution)
(宪法的)增补条款

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
现行宪法的前10项修正案被称作什麽?
The Bill of Rights
人权法案

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
举出宪法第一修正案中的任何一项自由或权利?
Speech
言论自由

Religion
宗教自由

Assembly
集会结社自由

Press
出版自由

Petition the government
人民有向政府请愿自由

How many amendments does the Constitution have?
目前宪法有多少修正案?
Twenty-seven (27)
27项修正案

What did the Declaration of Independence do?
(独立宣言)的作用为何?
Declared our independence (from Great Britain)
宣布美国脱离英国独立

Announced our independence (from Great Britain)
宣告美国脱离英国独立

Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
说明美国脱离英国而独立

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
说出(独立宣言)中的两项权利?
Life
生命权利

Liberty
自由权利

Pursuit of happiness
追求幸福的权利

What is freedom of religion?
什麽是宗教自由?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以什麽宗教都不信

What is the economic system in the United States?*
美国是什麽样的经济制度?
Capitalist economy
资本主义经济

Market economy
市场经济

What is the “rule of law”?
法治是什麽意思?
Everyone must follow the law.
每个人都得遵守法律

Leaders must obey the law.
领袖也必须遵守法律

Government must obey the law.
政府也得遵守法律

No one is above the law.
没有任何人能超越法律

Name one branch or part of the government.*
说出政府三大体制中的任何一部分?
Congress, Legislative, President, Executive, The Courts, Judicial
国会、立法、总统、行政、法院、司法

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
有何方式可防止政府变得权力太大?
Checks and balances
制衡

Separation of powers
权力分立

Who is in charge of the executive branch?
行政部门由谁负责?
The President
总统

Who makes federal laws?
谁负责制定联邦法律?
Congress, Senate and House (of Representatives), (U.S. or national) legislature
国会、参院及众院、(美国或国家)立法机构

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*
美国国会由那两部分组成?
The Senate and House (of Representatives)
参院及众院

How many U.S. Senators are there?
联邦参院有多少位参议员?
One hundred (100)
100位

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
我们多久选一次联邦参议员
Six (6)
每六年

Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?*
说出你的州的两位联邦参议员中的任何一个名字?
Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]
各州不同(住在华府哥伦比亚特区或美国属地的居民应试者当地没有联邦参议员)

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
众院能有投票权的众议员有多少位?
Four hundred thirty-five (435)
435位

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
我们多久选一次联邦国会众议员?
Two (2)
每两年

Name your U.S. Representative.
说出你选区所在的众议员的名字?
Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]
各人答案会不同(住在当地国会代表没有投票权的美国属地的应试者,可以说明当地代表或是议员的姓名,或是可以说明自己选区没有众议员)

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
联邦参议员代表何人?
All people of the state
参议员代表所在州的所有民众

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
为何有些州国会众议员的人数比其他州多?
(because of) the state’s population
由那个州的人口多少而决定

(because) they have more people
因为那个州有更多的人口

(because) some states have more people
因为有那州的人口比其他州的多

We elect a President for how many years?
我们每几年选一次总统?
Four (4)
每四年一次

In what month do we vote for President?*
我们在那一个月选总统?
November
11月

What is the name of the President of the United States now?*
目前美国总统的名字是什麽?
Trump
川普

Donald John Trump
唐纳 J. 川普

Donald Trump
唐纳 川普

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
现任副总统是谁?
Mike Richard Pence
麦克 R. 彭斯

Pence
彭斯

Mike Pence
麦克 彭斯

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
如果总统不能视事,谁会变成总统?
The Vice President
副总统

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
如果总统、副总统都不能视事,由谁来作总统?
The Speaker of the House
众院议长

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
谁是三军统帅?
The President
总统

Who signs bills to become laws?
国会通过的法案由谁签署生效变成法律?
The President
总统

Who vetoes bills?
谁能否决国会通过的法案?
The President
总统

What does the President’s Cabinet do?
总统的内阁做什麽事?
Advises the President
他们对总统提出建议

What are two Cabinet-level positions?
任举两个内阁的部长职位?
Secretary of Agriculture
农业部长

Secretary of Commerce
商务部长

Secretary of Defense
国防部长

Secretary of Education
教育部长

Secretary of Energy
能源部长

Secretary of Health and Human Services
卫生与福利部长

Secretary of Homeland Security
国内安全部长

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
住宅与都市发展部长

Secretary of Interior
内政部长

Attorney General
司法部长

Secretary of States
国务卿

Secretary of Transportation
运输部长

Secretary of Treasury
财政部长

Secretary of Veterans' Affairs
退伍军人事务部长

Secretary of Labor
劳工部长

Vice President
副总统

What does the judicial branch do?
司法部门做什麽事?
Reviews laws
检讨现有法律

Explains laws
解释法律

Resolves disputes (disagreements)
解决争议

Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
决定某一法律是否抵触宪法

What is the highest court in the United States?
美国最高的法院是什麽?
The Supreme Court
联邦最高法院

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
联邦最高法院有几位大法官?
Nine (9)
九位

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?
谁是目前的联邦首席大法官?
John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
约翰.罗伯兹

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
根据宪法,有些权力属於联邦政府,举出一项联邦政府的权力?
To print money
印钞票

To declare war
宣战

To create an army
建立军队

To make treaties
签订条约

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
根据宪法,有些权力属於州政府,举出一项州政府权力的例子?
Provide schooling and education
提供教育

Provide protection (police)
提供治安保护 (警察)

Provide safety (fire departments)
提供安全(消防局)

Give a driver’s license
提供驾照

Approve zoning and land use
审批区划和土地使用

Who is the Governor of your state?
你居住州的州长是谁?
Answers will vary. [Residents of the District of Columbia and U.S. territories without a Governor should say “we don’t have a Governor.”]
答案会有不同.(哥伦比亚特区和美国属地的居民,应回答他们没有州长)

What is the capital of your state?*
你居住州的首府在那里?
Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]
答案会有不同.(哥伦比亚特区居民,应回答哥伦比亚特区不是一个州, 因此没有首府).

What are the two major political parties in the United States?*
美国当今两大党为何?
Democratic and Republican
民主党及共和党

What is the political party of the President now?
现任总统属於那个政党?
Republican Party
共和党

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
现任国会众院议长是谁?
Paul Ryan
保罗 莱恩

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
宪法里面有四条关於那些人拥有投票权的修正案,试举一项?
Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
公民十八岁以上都可以投票

You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
不必缴钱就可以投票(不必缴投票税就可以投票)

Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
任何公民都可以投票,(男性或女性都可以投票)

A male citizen of any race (can vote).
任何种族的男性公民都可以投票

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*
举出一项只有美国公民才有责任?
Serve on a jury
当陪审员

Vote
投票

What are two rights only for United States citizens?
举出两项只有美国公民才拥有的权利?
Vote
投票权

Run for office
竞选公职的权利

What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
举出两项每一个住在美国的人都拥有的权利?
Freedom of expression
表达自由

Freedom of speech
言论自由

Freedom of assembly
集会自由

Freedom to petition the government
向政府请愿的自由

Freedom of worship
宗教信仰自由

The right to bear arms
拥有武器的权利

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
我们宣誓效忠时是像什麽表达忠诚?
The United States
美利坚合众国

The flag
国旗

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
举出一项在入籍成为公民时提出的承诺?
Give up loyalty to other countries
放弃效忠其他国家

Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
护卫美国的宪法和法律

Obey the laws of the United States
遵守美国的法律

Serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
在必要时加入美国军队

Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
在必要时为国效劳(在必要时为美国执行重要工作)

Be loyal to the United States
效忠美国

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*
美国公民几岁以上可以投票选举总统?
Eighteen (18) and older
满18岁

What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
举出两种美国人参与民主政治的方法?
Vote
投票

Join a political party
加入政党

Help with a campaign
协助竞选活动

Join a civic group
加入公民团体

Join a community group
加入社区团体

Give an elected official your opinion on an issue
向民选官员提供自己对某个议题的意见

Call Senators and Representatives
与自己的参议员和众议员连络

Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
公开支持或反对某个议题或政策

Run for office
竞选公职

Write to a newspaper
写信给报纸

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*
寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?
15-Apr
每年的4月15日

When must all men register for the Selective Service?
所有男性到了那个年龄必须登记当选择性徵兵?
At age eighteen (18)
18岁

Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
18岁至26岁之间

What is one reason colonists came to America?
举出一个殖民者当初到美国的理由?
Freedom
自由

Political liberty
政治自由

Religious freedom
宗教自由

Economic opportunity
经济机会

Practice their religion
从事宗教活动

Escape persecution
逃避迫害

Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
在欧洲人来到美洲之前, 谁已经住在这里?
Native Americans
美洲原住民

American Indians
美洲印地安人

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
哪一群人被带到美国当奴隶卖?
Africans
非洲人

People from Africa
来自非洲的人

Why did the colonists fight the British?
殖民者为什麽要与英国作战?
Because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
他们必须缴付高额税捐, 却没有任何代表权(光缴税、没有代表权)

Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
英国军队住在他们的房子里(强行食宿,霸占空间)

The British denied the colonists' self-government
英国拒绝让殖民者拥有自治权

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
独立宣言是谁写的?
Thomas Jefferson
汤玛士.杰佛逊

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
独立宣言是在何时通过的?
July 4, 1776
1776年7月4日

There were 13 original states. Name three.
美国当初只有13个州,试举其中三个?
New Hampshire
新罕布夏

Massachusetts
麻萨诸塞

Rhode Island
罗德岛

Connecticut
康乃狄克

New York
纽约

New Jersey
新泽西

Pennsylvania
宾夕法尼亚

Delaware
德拉瓦

Maryland
马里兰

North Carolina
北卡罗来纳

South Carolina
南卡罗来纳

Virginia
维吉尼亚

Georgia
乔治亚

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
制宪会议达成什麽事?
The Constitution was written.
拟定宪法

The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
开国先贤拟定宪法

When was the Constitution written?
宪法是在何时撰写的?
1787
1787年

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
(联邦论)支持通过美国宪法,举出一个(联邦论)作者?
James Madison
詹姆斯.麦迪森

Alexander Hamilton
亚历山大.汉弥尔顿

John Jay
约翰.杰伊

Publius
普布利乌斯

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
班哲明.富兰克林以合着称?
U.S. diplomat
美国外交官

Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
制宪会议年纪最长的成员

First Postmaster General of the United States
美国第一任邮政总局长

Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
着作(穷人理查年监)

Started the first free libraries
开办第一个免费图书馆

Who is the “Father of Our Country”?
(美国国父)是谁?
George Washington
乔治.华盛顿

Who was the first President?*
美国第一任总统是谁?
George Washington
乔治.华盛顿

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
1803年美国向法国购买哪片土地?
The Louisiana Territory
路易斯安纳地区

Louisiana
路易斯安纳

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
举出一场美国在一八零零年代参与的战争?
War of 1812
1812年战争

Mexican-American War
美国与墨西哥战争

Civil War
南北战争

Spanish-American War
美国与西班牙战争

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
美国北方与南方之间的战争称为什麽?
The Civil War
南北战争

The War between the States
美国内战

Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
举出一个引发美国内战的问题?
Slavery
奴隶制度

Economic reasons
经济因素

States’ rights
各州权利

What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*
举出一件亚伯拉罕.林肯的事蹟?
Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
解放黑奴

Saved (or preserved) the Union
保全(或维护)联邦

Led the United States during the Civil War
在南北战争期统领美国

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
解放宣言的用意何在? 
Freed the slaves
解放奴隶

Freed slaves in the Confederacy
解放南方邦联的奴隶

Freed slaves in the Confederate states
解放南方邦联各州的奴隶

Freed slaves in most Southern states
解放南方大部分州的奴隶

What did Susan B. Anthony do?
苏珊.安东尼有何事蹟?
Fought for women’s rights
为女权奋战

Fought for civil rights
为民权奋战

Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*
举出一场美国在一九九零年代参与的战争?
World War I
第一次世界大战

World War II
第二次世界大战

Korean War
韩战

Vietnam War
越战

Persian Gulf War
海湾(波斯湾)战争

Who was President during World War I?
第一次世界大战时美国总统是谁?
Woodrow Wilson
乌德洛.威尔逊

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
美国经济大萧条和二次世界大战时的总统是谁?
Franklin Roosevelt
富尔克林.罗斯福

Who did the United States fight in World War II?
美国在第二次世界大战时是与谁作战?
Japan, Germany, and Italy
日本、德国和义大利

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
艾森豪当总统之前是个将领,他曾参加哪个战争?
World War II
第二次世界大战

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
美国在冷战期间最担心的是什麽?
Communism
共产主义

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
试图结束种族歧视的是哪个运动?
civil rights (movement)
民权运动

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*
马丁.路德.金恩有何事蹟?
Fought for civil rights
为民权奋战

Worked for equality for all Americans
为所有美国人争取平等

What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?
2001年9月11日美国发生什麽大事?
Terrorists attacked the United States.
恐怖份子攻击美国

Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
举出美国的一个印地安人部族?
[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.]
(主考官将拥有完整清单)

Cherokee
却洛基

Navajo
纳瓦荷

Sioux

Chippewa
齐普瓦

Pueblo
布耶布洛

Apache
阿帕契

Iroquois
伊洛奎斯

Blackfeet
布雷克费特

Creek
库瑞克

Seminole
塞米诺利斯

Cheyenne
斜阳

Arawak
阿拉瓦克

Shawnee
萧尼

Choctaw
乔克陶

Mohegan
莫希根

Huron
忽隆

Oneida
欧尼达

Lakota
拉科塔

Crow
克洛

Teton
泰顿

Innit
伊努特

Hopi
贺皮

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
试举美国最长的两条河流中任何一条?
Missouri River
密苏里河

Mississippi River
密西西比河

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
美国西滨濒临哪个海洋?
Pacific Ocean
太平洋

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
美国东岸濒临哪个海洋?
Atlantic Ocean
大西洋

Name one U.S. territory.
试举美国一个领地?
Puerto Rico
波多黎各

U.S. Virgin Islands
美属维京群岛

American Samoa
美属萨摩亚

Northern Mariana Islands
北马里亚纳群岛

Guam
关岛

Name one state that borders Canada.
试举美国与加拿大接邻的一个州?
Maine
缅因州

New Hampshire
新罕布夏州

Vermont
佛蒙特州州

New York
纽约州

Pennsylvania
宾州

Ohio
俄亥俄州

Michigan
密西根州

Minnesota
明尼苏达州

North Dakota
北达科他州

Montana
蒙大拿州

Idaho
爱达荷州

Washington
华盛顿州

Alaska
阿拉斯加州

Name one state that borders Mexico.
试举美国与墨西哥接邻的一个州?
California
加州

Arizona
亚利桑那州

New Mexico
新墨西哥州

Texas
德州

What is the capital of the United States?*
美国首都在哪里?
Washington, D.C.
华盛顿特区

Where is the Statue of Liberty?*
自由女神像在哪里?
New York (Harbor)
纽约(港)

Liberty Island
自由岛

[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
(答新泽西洲、纽约市附近、哈德逊河上也可以接受)

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
美国国旗为什麽有13条条纹?
because there were 13 original colonies
因为当初有13个殖民地

because the stripes represent the original colonies
因为这些条文代表当初的殖民地

Why does the flag have 50 stars?*
为什麽国旗上有50颗星星?
Because there is one star for each state
因为每一颗星代表每个州

Because each star represents a state
因为每一颗星代表一个州

Because there are 50 states
因为美国共有50州

What is the name of the national anthem?
美国国歌的名称?
The Star-Spangled Banner
星条旗之歌

When do we celebrate Independence Day?*
我们在哪一天庆祝国庆?
4-Jul
7月4日

Name two national U.S. holidays.
试举美国两个国定假日?
New Year’s Day
新年

Martin Luther King, Jr., Day
马丁.路德.金恩日

Presidents’ Day
总统日

Memorial Day
国殇日

Independence Day
国庆日

Labor Day
劳工节

Columbus Day
哥伦布节

Veterans Day
退伍军人节

Thanksgiving
感恩节

Christmas
圣诞节


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